Demonstrative Words 指示詞

  • In Japanese language all pronouns are formed using 4 pronoun stems i.e(KOSOADO)
  • KO (this) - indicates the objects or events, located near the speaker.
  • SO (that) - indicates the objects or events, located near the listener.
  • A (that over there) - indicates the objects or events, located away from both speaker and listeners.
  • DO (what) - this group of KOSOADO words are all question words.

Chart of KOSOADO

 こ(ko)そ(so)あ(a)ど(do)
Objectこれ(kore)それ(sore)あれ(are)どれ(dore)
thisthatthat over therewhich
Object
noun
この(kono)その(sono)あの(ano)どの(dono)
thisthatthat over therewhich of three or more
Placeここ(koko)そこ(soko)あそこ(asoko)どこ(doko)
herethereover therewhere
Adjectiveこんな(konna)そんな(sonna)あんな(anna)どんな(donna)
like thislike thatlike thathow / what / like
Directionこっち(kocchi)
here
そっち(socchi)
there
あっち(acchi)
Over there
どっち(docchi)
where
Direction
Polite style
こちら(kochira)
here
そちら(sochira)
there
あちら(achira)
Over there
どちら(dochira)
where
way of doing thinsこう(kou)
Like this
そう(so)
Like that
ああ(aa)
Like that (over there)
どう(dou)
Which way
way of doing thins
Polite style
このように(konoyouni)
This way
そのように(sonoyoni)
That way
あのように(anoyouni)
That way (over there)
どのように(donoyouni)
How (which way)

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